For centuries, humans have pursued the story of Earth—its hotly debated past, its dynamic present, and its uncertain future. We capture glimpses of that narrative through the collection and analysis of diverse deep-time data from numerous and often disparate disciplines, each providing a fragment of the complex epic. Efforts to integrate insights on the evolving geosphere and biosphere have been hampered by the wide range of disciplines in geology and biology, the absence of relevant open-access data resources, and the lack of an effective data-integration strategy. Thanks to years of intensive efforts in developing the Keck- and Sloan-supported Deep-Time Data Infrastructure (, which analyzes, quantifies, and visualizes Earth history as a system of patterned co-evolving networks, we are poised to make transformational advances in understanding our planet’s evolution.