Friday, March 2, 2012 - 5:38pm
The future of plant science – a technology perspective
Plant science is key to addressing the major challenges facing humanity in the 21st Century, according to Carnegie’s David Ehrhardt and Wolf Frommer. In a Perspective published in The Plant Cell, the two researchers argue that the development of new technology is key to transforming plant biology in order to meet human needs.
Monday, March 28, 2005 - 1:00am
100 Greatest Discoveries
Carnegie molecular biologist Joseph Gall discusses the work of groundbreaking microscopists, biologists, zoologists, and geneticists with Bill Nye, "The Science Guy," as The Science Channel counts down the greatest science discoveries of our time...
Thursday, August 12, 2010 - 9:55am
Asteroid Found in Gravitational “Dead Zone”
There are places in space where the gravitational tug between a planet and the Sun balance out, allowing other smaller bodies to remain stable called Lagrangian points. So-called Trojan asteroids have been found in some of these stable spots near Jupiter and Neptune. Now Scott Sheppard at the Carnegie’s Department of Terrestrial Magnetism and Chad Trujillo have discovered the first Trojan asteroid in a difficult-to-detect stability region at Neptune—the Lagrangian L5 point.
Thursday, September 4, 2008 - 8:09am
Future of biology rests in harnessing data avalanche
Like most sciences, biology is inundated with data. However, researchers, including Sue Rhee at Plant Biology, warn in a Nature feature that the avalanche of biological information is at the point where the discipline may be unable to reach its full potential without improvements for curating data into on-line databases. The piece outlines specific remedies to harness the information overload.
Tuesday, March 4, 2008 - 9:15am
Carnegie’s Russell Hemley Elected to Royal Society of Edinburgh
The Royal Society of Edinburgh (RSE) announced March 4th that Russell Hemley, director of Carnegie’s Geophysical Laboratory, has been elected to Corresponding Fellowship of the Royal Society of Edinburgh—Scotland’s national academy of science and letters.
Thursday, May 13, 2010 - 12:00am
Silver Tells a Volatile Story of Earth’s Origin
Tiny variations in the isotopic composition of silver in meteorites and Earth rocks are helping scientists put together a timetable of how our planet was assembled beginning 4.568 billion years ago. The new study, published in the journal Science, indicates that water and other key volatiles may have been present in at least some of Earth’s original building blocks, rather than acquired later from comets, as some scientists have suggested.
Monday, May 30, 2005 - 12:00am
Revolutionary nanotechnology illuminates brain cells at work
Until now it has been impossible to accurately measure the levels of important chemicals in living brain cells in real time and at the level of a single cell. Scientists at the Carnegie Institution’s Department of Plant Biology and Stanford University are the first to overcome this obstacle by successfully applying genetic nanotechnology using molecular sensors to view changes in brain chemical levels...
Monday, May 9, 2011 - 4:26pm
Consumption, carbon emissions, and international trade
Accurately calculating the amount of carbon dioxide emitted in the process of producing and bringing products to our doorsteps is nearly impossible, but still a worthwhile effort, two Carnegie researchers claim in a commentary published online this week. The Global Ecology department’s Ken Caldeira and Steven Davis commend the work of industrial ecologist Glen Peters and colleagues, published in the same journal late last month, and use that team’s data to do additional analysis on the disparity between emissions and consumption in different parts of the world.
Wednesday, September 19, 2007 - 12:00am
CO2 emissions could violate EPA ocean-quality standards within decades
In a commentary in the September 25, 2007, issue of the Geophysical Research Letters (GRL), a large team of scientists state that human-induced carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions will alter ocean chemistry to the point where it will violate U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Quality Criteria  by mid-century if emissions are not dramatically curtailed now.
Wednesday, April 6, 2011 - 1:57pm
Under pressure: germanium
Although its name may make many people think of flowers, the element germanium is part of a frequently studied group of elements, called IVa, which could have applications for next-generation computer architecture as well as implications for fundamental condensed matter physics. New research reveals details of the element’s transitions under pressure. Their results show extraordinary agreement with the predictions of modern condensed matter theory.
Thursday, July 1, 2010 - 9:05am
Scientists Find Moon Whiskers
Up to now scientists thought that the trace carbon on the surface of the Moon came from the solar wind. Now researchers at the Geophysical Lab have detected and dated Moon carbon in the form of graphite, which survived from the late heavy bombardment era 3.8 billion years ago. The discovery means that the Moon could hold a record of the meteoritic carbon input to the Earth-Moon system, when life was just beginning to emerge. Multimedia version
Wednesday, November 16, 2011 - 9:54am
Scientists Tackle the Carbon Conundrum
Scientists, including Carnegie's Anna Michalak, have developed a new, integrated, ten-year science plan to better understand the details of Earth’s carbon cycle. It identifies new research areas such as the role of humans as agents and managers of carbon cycling and climate change, the direct impact of greenhouse gases on ecosystems including changes to plant and animal diversity and ocean acidification, the need to address social concerns, and how best to communicate results to the public and decision makers.
Thursday, November 13, 2008 - 3:00pm
Corralling the carbon cycle
Scientists, including Global Ecology’s Joe Berry, may have overcome a major hurdle to calculating how much carbon dioxide is absorbed and released by plants, vital information for determining the amount of carbon that can be safely emitted by human activities. The problem is that ecosystems simultaneously take up and release CO2. The key finding is that the compound carbonyl sulfide, which plants consume in tandem with CO2, can be used to quantify gas flow into the plants during photosynthesis.
Monday, August 6, 2012 - 11:16am
Airborne Technology Helps Manage Elephants
For years, scientists have debated how big a role elephants play in toppling trees in South African savannas. Tree loss is a natural process, but it is increasing in some regions, with cascading effects on the habitat for many other species. Using high resolution 3-D mapping, Carnegie scientists have for the first time quantitatively determined tree losses across savannas of Kruger National Park. They found that elephants are the primary agents.
Monday, January 9, 2012 - 3:11pm
Mirror Casting Event for the Giant Magellan Telescope
On January 14, 2012, the second 8.4-meter (27.6 ft) diameter mirror for the Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT) will be cast inside a rotating furnace at the University of Arizona’s Steward Observatory Mirror Lab (SOML) underneath the campus football stadium. The Mirror Lab will host a special event to highlight the milestone. Members of the media are invited to visit the Mirror Lab on Saturday morning, January 14, 2012, between 9:00 and 11:00 a.m. MST.
Wednesday, September 3, 2008 - 1:42pm
Putting the Squeeze on Nitrogen for High Energy Materials
Nitrogen atoms like to travel in pairs, hooked together by one of the strongest chemical bonds in nature. By subjecting nitrogen molecules to extreme temperatures and pressures scientists are getting a new understanding of not only nitrogen but other similar molecules, including hydrogen. Hypothesized nitrogen polymers could form materials with higher energy content than any known non-nuclear material.
Wednesday, August 18, 2010 - 4:37am
Roller Coaster Superconductivity Discovered
Superconductors are more efficient at carrying electricity than copper wires. But these materials have to be cooled below an extremely low, so-called transition temperature for electrical resistance to disappear. Researchers at the Carnegie’s Geophysical Laboratory, have unexpectedly found that the transition temperature can be induced under two different intense pressures in a three-layered bismuth oxide crystal. They believe this unusual two-step phenomena comes from competition of electronic behavior in different layers.